Saturday, June 30, 2018

🔅🔅 One Belt One Road Initiative 🔅🔅

One Belt One Road is considered as the most ambitious foreign policy and economic initiative of Chinese President Xi Jinping. It was announced in 2013 with an objective to rejuvenate the ancient trade routes connecting Asia and Europe and hence it is also known as Silk Road Economic Belt. OBOR is a network of roads, railways, oil pipelines, power grids, ports and other infrastructural projects meant to connect China to the world. This initiative comprises more than physical connections. It aims to create the world’s largest platform for economic cooperation including policy coordination, trade and financing collaboration and social and structural cooperation.

The OBOR is bifurcated into two parts- The Silk Road Economic Belt which is land-based and will connect China with Central Asia, Eastern and Western Europe and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road which is sea-based and will connect China to South-East Asia, Africa and Central Asia. The main objective of China through OBOR is to develop international clout by expanding its influence, boost its slow GDP by boosting trade through OBOR, fix the regional growth disparities between North and South China and boost Yuan’s usage amongst the countries and strengthen its role as an international currency. Although OBOR may prove beneficial to developing countries and could also boost their GDP, we should not be too optimistic about its success, as Chinese investments had let to political backlashes in the past. And it is unsure whether poor countries will be able to benefit from greater trade as they already run a huge trade deficit with China.
- Navies Of India And Indonesia Participated In PASSEX Exercise Port Of Makassar , Indonesia

- Mumbai Continues To Be The Most Expensive City In India : Report

- Hong Kong Is Ranked As The World's Costliest City : Report

- 8th National Inter-State Senior Athletics Championships Being Held In Guwahati , Assam

- Rani Rampal Announced Captain Of Indian Women’s Hockey Team

- NASA To Launch ‘Jaihind-1S ’ World's Lightest Satellite Designed By Chennai Students

- Bengaluru Claimed World’s 2nd Best Location To Launch Tech Startups

- ⭐️ Girish Chandra Chaturvedi Named ICICI Bank’s Non-Exec Part-Time Chairman

- NITI Aayog Today Launched The First Delta Ranking

- ⭐️ Madhya Pradesh To Be Awarded For Reducing Maternal Mortality

- Rani Rampal To Lead Indian Womens Hockey Team In 2018 World Cup

- ⭐️ Jio Becomes India's Second Largest Telco By Revenue

- Meeting Between Trump And Putin Will Be Held In Finland On 16th July

- ⭐️ Kanwaljeet Jawa Becomes 1st Indian To Be Appointed As Board Member Of Daikin

- Sonakshi Sinha Joins UNESCO To Promote Safe & Secure Online Environment

- Norway World’s Best Country In Traffic Safety : Report .

- 29 June : National Statistics Day,  Statistics Day 2018 Theme :  ‘Quality Assurance In Official Statistics '

- President Ram Nath Kovind Launches Solar Charkha Mission

- North Korea Named ‘ Worst Human Trafficking Country '

- ⭐️ India’s 35th Rank On The Global Real Estate Transparency Index

- India Pledges $5 Million For UN Palestinian Aid Agency

- ⭐️ Suresh Prabhu Launches Mobile App ' ReUnite '

- Rajnath Singh Approves ‘ Home Minister's Special Operation Medal

Friday, June 29, 2018

29 June 2018
- ⭐️ Hindi Is The Most Spoken Language In India , Bengali Second

- ⭐️ Marathi Has Replaced Telugu As The Third Most Spoken Language In The Nation

- ⭐️ Yousaf Saleem Sworn In As Pakistan's First Visually Impaired Judge

- 10 New Swachh Iconic Places Taken Under Phase II Of Swachh Bharat Mission

- ⭐️ Anant Barua Has Been Appointed As Whole-Time Member Of SEBI

- Manu Bhaker Won The Top Prize In 10M Air Pistol Event At ISSF Junior World Cup

-  Centre Releases Rs 340 Crore For Flood Relief In Assam

-  26th Edition Of World’s Largest Multilateral Naval Exercise RIMPAC Has Begun In Hawaii

- ⭐️ Social Activist Pushpa Bhave Selected For Rajarshi Shahu Award .

- 29 June : National Statistics Day, World Statistics Day Theme :   ‘‘ Quality Assurance In Official Statistics

- Emergency Declared In Papua New Guinea Over Polio Outbreak

- Pakistan Placed On Financial Action Task Force ‘ Grey List '

- ‘ Sagarmala ’ Receives Gold Award At 52nd Skoch Summit 2018

- Rupee Hits Record Low Of 69.01 Against US Dollar

- PM Modi Inaugurate ‘ Kabir Mahotsav ’ In Uttar Pradesh

- Odisha CM Increased The Health Cover Under Biju Swasthya Kalyan Yojana

- President Inaugurated Udyam Sangam 2018 In New Delhi

- ⭐️ India Ranked 4th As Cyber Attacks On The Rise Globally : Report

- Oxytocin Ban To Come Into Effect In India From 1st July 

Thursday, June 28, 2018

 28 June 2018.
- UAE To Hold First-Ever ‘ World Tolerance Summit ’

- AIIB’s 4th Annual Meeting 2019 In Luxembourg

- ⭐️ Vice President Launches The Book “ Human Rights, Values And Cultural Ethos ”

- ‘ Paani Bachao , Paise Kamao ’ Campaign Launched Punjab Government

- 4th National Review & Consultation On Swachh Iconic Places Began In Hyderabad

- ⭐️ ' GOAMILES ' App-Based Taxi Service Launched By Goa Tourism Department In July .     

- President Inaugurates Udyam Sangam-2018 In New Delhi

- US Ambassador To UN Nikki Haley Visits India

- ⭐️ EAM Sushma Swaraj Introduces ' Passport Seva App '

- Manufacture Of Oxytocin To Be Banned From July 1

- E Sreedharan Committee To Lay Down Standards For Metro Rail Systems

- World’s Largest Multilateral Naval Exercise RIMPAC Begins In Western Pacific Ocean

- 15th India-Australia Joint Ministerial Commission Held In Australia

- S Ramesh Appointed Chairman Of CBIC

- ISSF Junior World Cup In Suhl , Germany

- ⭐️ Indian Shooter Saurabh Wins Gold Medal At ISSF Junior World Cup

- Prince William Becomes First British Royal To Visit Israel And Palestine

- Maharashtra Govt Forms Study Committee For Floating Solar Power Plant
 27 June 2018
- China Launches Spy Bird Drone To Boost Government Surveillance

- ⭐️ Actress Kalki Koechlin Will Be Conferred With French Honour

- Suresh Prabhu Chairs 15th India-Australia Joint Ministerial Commission

- Norway Hosts Anti-Doping Sports Conference : “ Clean Sport = Fair Outcome ? ”

- ⭐️ Recep Tayyip Has Been Re-Elected As President Of Turkey

- Chemistry World Cup Of Olympic Boxing 2018 In Halle , Germany

- Ulaanbaatar Cup Boxing Tournament 2018 Was Held In Mongolia

- Iran Bans Import Of 1400 Items To Save Domestic Items

- Ministry Of Women And Child Development To Organize Poshan Abhiyan TECH- THON,

- Seychelles Has Gifted Pair Of Giant Aldabra Tortoise To India

- Russian Scientist Igor Ashurbeyli Officially Declared Himself As The Leader Of The World's First Space Nation 'Asgardia'

- Essam El-Hadary (45 ) Has Become The Oldest Player To Play A FIFA World Cup .           

- 26June : International Day Against Drug Abuse And Illicit Trafficking, Theme For 2018 : " Listen First - Listening To Children And Youth Is The First Step To Help Them Grow Healthy And Safe "

- Pallavi Darua Crowned As India's 1st ' Tribal Queen '

 - ⭐️ India Is World’s Most Dangerous Country For Women , US 3rd : Survey

-  Ministry Of Women And Child Development Launches Report On ‘ Women In Prisons ’

 - ⭐️ Lewis Hamilton Wins French Grand Prix

- ⭐️ World Food Prize 2018 Awarded To Lawrence Haddad And Dr. David Nabarro

- London Is The Most Desirable City In The World For Overseas Workers

- ⭐️  MS Dhoni Signed As The First Brand Ambassador Of Sumadhura Group

- 15th Session Of The India-Australia Joint Ministerial Commission Held In Canberra , AUS

Tuesday, June 26, 2018

What was Project Manhattan?

The Manhattan Project was a research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada.
The project had both positive and negative effects. The significance of the Manhattan Project was that it put an end to WWII by using weapons of mass destruction and forced Japan to surrender.  The project was a desperate effort by the US to beat the Nazis to the development of a nuclear weapon.
Nuclear facilities were built at Oak Ridge, Tennessee and Hanford, Washington. The main assembly plant was built at Los Alamos, New Mexico.

Monday, June 25, 2018

*Some Important Facts related to Human Body*

Largest and strongest Bone in the body: *Femur (thigh bone)*

Smallest Bone in the body: *Stapes in ear*

Number of Cells in the body: *75 trillion*

Volume of Blood in the body: *6 litres (in 70 kg body)*

Number of Red Blood Cells (R.B.C.): In male: *5 to 6 million/cubic mm; In female: 4 to 5 million/cubic* mm

Life span of Red Blood Cells (R.B.C.): *100 to 120* days
Life span of *White Blood Cell* (W.B.C.): 3 - 4 days

Normal White Blood Cell (W.B.C.) count: *5000-10000/cubic mm*

Time taken by R.B.C. to complete one cycle of circulation: *20 seconds*

Other name of Red Blood Cell (R.B.C.): *Erythrocytes*

Largest White Blood Cells: *Monocytes*

Smallest White Blood Cells: *Lymphocyte*

Who discovered Blood Group: *Karl Landsteiner*

Blood Platelets count: *150,000 - 400,000 platelets per micro litre*

Haemoglobin (Hb): *In male: 14-15 gm/100 c.c. of blood; In female: 11-14 gm/100 c.c. of blood*

Hb content in body: *500 - 700 gm*

pH of Urine: *6.5 - 8*

pH of Blood: *7.36-7.41*

Volume of Semen: *2-5 ml/ejaculation*

Normal Sperm Count: *250-400 million/ejaculation*

Menstrual cycle: *28 days*
Menopause age: *45-50 years*

Blood clotting time: *3-5 minutes*

Weight of Brain: *1300-1400 gm in human adult*

Normal Blood Pressure (B.P.): *120/80 mm Hg*

Universal blood donor: *O*
Universal blood recipient: *AB*
Average body weight: *70 kg*
Normal body *temperature: 37 degree celsius*

Breathing Rate at rest: *12-16/minute*

Number of Spinal Nerves: *31 pairs*

Largest Endocrine Gland: *Thyroid gland*

Gestation period: *40 weeks or 9 calendar months*
Normal Heart Beat at rest: *72 beats per minute*
Largest Gland: *Liver*
Largest Muscle in the body: *Gluteus Maximus or Buttock Muscle*
Smallest Muscle in the body: *Stapedius*
Largest Artery: *Aorta*
Largest Vein: *Inferior Vena Cava*
Largest and longest Nerve: *Sciatic Nerve*
Longest Cell: *Neurons (nerve cells)*
Minimum distance for proper vision: *25 cm*
Pulse rate: *72 per minute*
Thinnest Skin: *Eyelids*
Weight of Heart: *200-300 gm*
19th IIFA Awards 2018 Winners List

The 19th edition of International Indian Film Academy Awards (IIFA) ceremony took place at Bangkok, Thailand on the night of June 24. The event was hosted by Karan Johar and Riteish Deshmukh. Late actress Sridevi won Best Actress (posthumously) for MOM while Irrfan Khan was given the Best Actor Award for his movie Hindi Medium.  Vidya Balan's Tumhari Sulu was honored as the Best Movie. Here is the complete winners list.

🎈Best Picture – Tumhari Sulu

🎈Best Direction – Saket Chaudhary (Hindi Medium)

🎈Best Actor in a Leading Role – Female – Sridevi (Mom)

🎈Best Actor in a Leading Role – Male – Irrfan Khan (Hindi Medium)

🎈Best Supporting Actor – Female – Meher Vij (Secret Superstar)

🎈Best Supporting Actor – Male – Nawazuddin Siddiqui (Mom)

🎈Best Story – Amit V Masurkar (Newton)

🎈Best Debut Director – Konkona Sen Sharma (A death in the Gunj)

🎈Best Music Direction – Amaal Mallik, Tanishk Bagchi & Akhil Sachdeva (Badrinath Ki Dulhania)

🎈Best Playback Singer Female – Meghna Mishra (Main Kaun Hoon – Secret Superstar)

🎈Best Playback Singer Male – Arijit Singh (Hawayein – Jab Harry Met Sejal)

🎈Best Lyrics – Manoj Muntashir (Mere Rashke Qamar – Baadshaho)

🎈Style Icon Award – Kriti Sanon

🎈Next IIFA give away winner – Arjun Kapoor

Saturday, June 23, 2018

Foreign portfolio investment (FPI)

FPI consists of securities and other financial assets passively held by foreign investors. It does not provide investor with direct ownership of financial assets. It is relatively liquid depending on volatility of the market. In India, FPIs are allowed to invest in various debt market instruments such as government bonds, treasury bills, state development loans (SDLs) and corporate bonds, but with certain restrictions and limits. FPI is part of country’s capital account and shown on its balance of payments (BOP).

Differences between FPI and FDI

FPI lets investor purchase stocks, bonds or other financial assets in foreign country. In this case, investor does not actively manage investments or companies that issue investment. It also does not have control over securities or business. In contrast, FDI lets investor purchase direct business interest in foreign country. The investor also controls his monetary investments and actively manages company into which he puts money. FPI is more liquid and less risky than FDI.

Afghanistan — Shoora
Andorra — General Council
Albania — People's Assembly
Azerbaijan — Melli Majlis
Algeria — National People's Assembly
Angola — National People's Assembly
Argentina — National Congress
Australia — Federal Parliament
Austria — National Assembly
Bahamas — General Assembly
Bahrain — Consultative Council
Bangladesh — Jatiya Sansad
Belize — National Assembly
Bhutan — Tshogdu
Bolivia — National Congress
Brazil — National Congress
Brunei — National Assembly
Botswana — National Assembly
Britain — Parliment (House of Common's & House of Lords)
Bulgaria — Narodno Subranie.
Cambodia — National Assembly
Congo Democratic — Rep. of National Legislative Council
Colombia — Congress
Canada — Parliament
China — National People's Congress
Chile — Chamber of Deputies and Senate
Comoros — Legislative Council and Senate
Costa Rice — Legislative Council and Senate
Crotia — Sabor
Cuba — National Assembly of People's Power
Czech Republic — Chamber of Deputies and Senate
Denmark — Folketing
Ecuador — Natinal Congress
El Salvador — Legislative Assembly
East Timor — Constituent Assembly
Ethiopia — Federal Council and House of Representative
Egypt — People's Assembly
Fiji Islands — Senate & House of Representative
France — National Assembly
Finland — Eduskusta (Parliament)
Germany — Bundestag(LowerHouse),Bundesrat(UpperHouse)
Guyana — National Assembly
Greece — Chamber of Deputies
Hungary — National Assembly
Iceland — Althing
India — Parliament
Indonesia — People's Consultative Assembly
Iran — Majlis
Iraq — National Assembly
Israel — Knesset
Italy — Chamber of Deputies and Senate
Japan — Diet
Jordan — National Assembly
Korea(North) — Supreme People's Assembly
Korea(South) — National Assembly
Kuwait — National Assembly
Kenya — National Assembly
Laos — People's Supreme Assembly
Labanon — National Assembly
Lesotho — National Assembly and Senate
Lithuania — Seimas
Luxembourg — Chamber of Deputies
Liberia — National Assembly
Libya — General People's Congress
Malaysia — Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara
Maldives — Majlis Madagascar — National People's Assembly
Mongolia — Great People's Khural
Montenegro — Federal Assembly
Mozambique — People's Assembly
Myanmar — Pyithu Hluttaw
Nepal — National Panchayat
Netherlands — The State General
Norway — Storting
New Zealand — Parliament (House of Representative)
Oman — Monarchy
Pakistan — National Assembly & Senate
Paraguay — Senate & Chamber of Deputies
Philippines — The Congress
Papua New Guinea — National Parliament
Poland — Sejm
Romania — Great National Assembly
Russia — Duma & Federal Council
Serbia — Federal Assembly
Senegal — National Assembly
Seychelles — People's Assembly
Somalia — People's Assembly
South Africa — Rep. House of Assembly
Spain — Cortes
Sweden — Riksdag
Saudi Arabia — Majlis Al Shura
Sudan — National Assembly
Switzerland — Federal Assembly
Syria — People's Council
Turkey — Grand National Assembly
Tunisia — National Assembly
USA — Congress
Vietnam — National Assembly
Venezuela — National Congress
Zaire — National Legislative Council
Zambia — National Assembly
What is Space Junk?

Space junk is the term used to describe man-made rubbish floating in space – often litter from space exploration, including spanners, nuts, bolts, gloves and shards of space craft.
The majority of the debris in space is believed to consist of small particles but some objects are larger, including spent rocket stages, defunct satellites and collision fragments.
As many as ten million pieces of human-made debris are estimated to be circulating in space at any one time.
Experts believe that global positioning systems, international phone connections, television signals and weather forecasts could be affected by increasing levels of space junk.
The windows of space shuttles are often chipped by space junk when returning to earth.
Helicopter parenting

 It describes an overcontrolling behaviour of parents which can negatively affect children’s ability to manage their emotions and deal with the challenging demands of growing up.
A study published in the journal Developmental Psychology revealed
• Children with helicopter parents may be less able to deal with the challenging demands of growing up, especially with navigating the complex school environment
• Children who developed the ability to effectively calm themselves during distressing situations and to conduct themselves appropriately had an easier time adjusting to the increasingly difficult demands of preadolescent school environments
The researchers followed 422 children over the course of eight years and assessed them at ages two, five and 10.

Saturday, June 09, 2018

1. President Declares Queen Pineapple As Tripura's 'State Fruit'
i. President Ram Nath Kovind has declared Tripura's queen variety pineapple as state fruit and its export was a major step in connecting the state with world trade.
ii. The state holds good potential in world trade. Export of the pineapple to foreign countries is a major step in connecting with world trade. Tripura exported its first consignment of one-tonne pineapples to Dubai earlier this month.

2. RBI To Set Up Public Credit Registry To Curb Bad Loans

i. In a bid to check loan defaults, RBI stated that a Public Credit Registry (PCR) will be set up containing information on all borrowers to ensure financial stability.
ii. Following a report by Yeshwant M Deosthalee headed High-Level Task Force, RBI stated it has considered the recommendations and decided to set up a PCR in a modular and phased manner.

3. Operation Nistar: Indian Navy Brings Back 38 Indians From Cyclone-Hit Socotra Island In Yemen
i. In a swift operation, the Indian Navy has rescued 38 Indians from Socotra island in Yemen where they were stranded for nearly 10 days after a severe cyclonic storm hit the area.
ii. The Navy had diverted its ship INS Sunayna from the Gulf of Aden to Socotra as part of the operation ‘NISTAR’ to rescue the Indians.

4. India Hosted Geo-Intelligence Asia 2018

i. The Eleventh edition of Geo-Intelligence Asia 2018 organized by GeoSpatial Media and Communication with Directorate General of Information System as Knowledge Partners and Military Survey as Co-organisers, took place in New Delhi. The theme of Seminar was ‘Geo-Spatial: A Force Multiplier for Defence and Industrial Security’.
ii. The seminar brought together the military, security officials including BSF and Police Forces, Government and industry together to examine the latest technology solutions and on the critical role of geospatial technology in military and security applications.

5. Anupam Kher To Receive Outstanding Achievement Award At IIFA 2018

i. Veteran actor Anupam Kher will be given the prestigious Outstanding Achievement honour at the upcoming International Indian Film Academy (IIFA) awards ceremony in Bangkok.
ii. The 63-year-old actor, who has worked in over 500 films spanning across languages along with projects both in India and abroad for over three decades, will be honoured for his contribution in the field of cinema. Kher will be presented with the honour on June 24 at the 19th edition of IIFA.

6. Prime Minister Modi Reaches China To Attend SCO Summit

i. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has arrived in Qingdao, China, to attend the two-day long 18th Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit.
ii. This will be India's first participation in the summit as a full-time member of the organization. India, along with Pakistan, became a full-time member during the Astana summit in June 2017. Prime Minister Modi is also scheduled to hold bilateral talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping apart from holding meetings with various other participating leaders.

7. 'Rasaraj' Narayan Prasad Singh Passed Away

i. Odisha's most popular lyricist, Narayan Prasad Singh was popularly known as 'Rasaraj' passed away at his residence in Bhubaneswar. Singh was 86.
ii. Born on May 28th, 1933 at Koeli village, Singh earned his name in the world of Odia music. He was the lyricist of several popular melodious songs in Odia cinema.
09 June 2018
- Fernanda Espinosa Elected President Of The 73rd United Nations General Assembly
- ⭐️ Sarita Nayyar Appointed To World Economic Forum Managing Board
- Operation NISTAR Successfully Culminates With Safe Disembarkations Of 38 Indian Nationals
- Portal For Job Seekers And Employers Launched In Kerala
- ⭐️ Hyderabad Ranks 3rd In Sound Polluted Cities List
- India Ranks 137th On Global Peace Index 2018 : Economic And Peace report
- World First EPR Nuclear Reactor Begins Work In Taishan , China
- ⭐️ Anupam Kher To Be Given Lifetime Achievement Honour At Upcoming IIFA Awards Ceremony
- Asian Junior Athletics Championships Event In Gifu , Japan
- Smriti Irani Launches GIAN To Boost Higher Education With International Collaboration
- ⭐️ Rajinikanth Starrer 'Kaala' Became The 1st Indian Film To Release In Saudi Arabia
- Andhra Pradesh CM Chandrababu Naidu Has Declared The State Open-Defecation Free
- Andhra Pradesh Is Set To Become 1st State In India To Use Auto-Disable Syringes .
- ⭐️ 8 June : World Ocean Day, Theme Of World Oceans Day 2018 : " Preventing Plastic Pollution And Encouraging Solutions For A Healthy Ocean "
- ⭐️ 8 June 2018 : World Brain Tumor Day
- Indian , US , Japanese Maritime Forces Begin Malabar Exercise
- 17th Round Of Foreign Office Consultations Between India & Myanmar Hold In New Delhi
- Punjab Govt Launches ' Business First Portal '
- Nepal's Chief Of Army Staff On Six-Day Visit To India
- Keshari Nath Tripathi To Hold Additional Charge As Tripura Governor
- Andhra Pradesh Is ODF Now , Declares CM Chandrababu Naidu
- Biopic ‘ Making Of The Mahatma ’ Screened In Pietermaritzburg
- ⭐️ President Declares ‘ Queen Pineapple ’ As State Fruit Of Tripura
- Asia-Pacific Regional Conference On ECD Held In Nepal

Friday, June 08, 2018


👉🏽First Capital of India: Kolkata.
👉🏽First port of India: Kolkata.
👉🏽Nobel Laureates of India: 6 out of 7 are from Kolkata.
👉🏽National Poet of India: From Kolkata.
👉🏽National Anthem, Song of India: From Kolkata.
👉🏽The only inspiration for youths by whose name International Youth day is celebrated: Swami Vivekananda is from Kolkata.
👉🏽Largest library in India: Kolkata.
👉🏽Largest Museum in India: Kolkata.
👉🏽The city in India where trams run still as a public transport: Kolkata.
👉🏽India's largest cricket stadium: Eden Gardens, Kolkata.
👉🏽India's largest football stadium: Salt Lake stadium Kolkata (also Asia's largest).
👉🏽Largest Botanical Garden in India: Kolkata (Shibpur Botanical Garden).
👉🏽Largest zoo in India: Kolkata (Alipore Zoo).
👉🏽India's first medical college: Kolkata (Medical college, Kolkata).
👉🏽India's first University: Kolkata (Calcutta University).
👉🏽India's only film director who got an Oscar:  from Kolkata (Satyajit Ray).
👉🏽First Miss Universe of India:  from Kolkata (Susmita Sen).
👉🏽Largest race course in India: Kolkata.
👉🏽Oldest cricket club of India: Calcutta cricket club.
👉🏽First city in India where Metro rail as a public transport started: Kolkata.
👉🏽The only city of India for which the whole bollywood industry depends when it comes for music and direction: Kolkata.
👉🏽Highest number of Scienctists and doctors are from which city in India: Kolkata.
👉🏽Largest railway station of India: In Kolkata (Howrah).
👉🏽Busiest railway station of India: Kolkata (Sealdah).
👉🏽Only riverine port of India: Kolkata Port.
👉🏽Only Cantilever bridge in India : Howrah Bridge (Kolkata).
👉🏽Largest golf course of India: In Kolkata (Royal Calcutta Golf Club).
👉🏽Largest second hand book market in India: College street ( also second in the world).
Green GDP
Green GDP is a term used for expressing GDP after adjusting for environment degradations.
Green GDP is an attempt to measure the growth of an economy by subtracting the costs of environmental damages and ecological degradations from the GDP
The concept was first initiated through a System of National Accounts.
The System of National Accounts (SNA) is an accounting framework for measuring the economic activities of production, consumption and accumulation of wealth in an economy during a period of time.
When information on economy’s use of the natural environment is integrated into the system of national accounts, it becomes green national accounts or environmental accounting.
The process of environmental accounting involves three steps viz. Physical accounting; Monetary valuation; and integration with national Income/wealth Accounts:
Physical accounting determines the state of the resources, types, and extent (qualitative and quantitative) in spatial and temporal terms.
Monetary valuation is done to determine its tangible and intangible components.
Thereafter, the net change in natural resources in monetary terms is integrated into the Gross Domestic Product in order to reach the value of Green GDP.
 08 June 2018
- Rudrendra Tandon Appointed As Next Ambassador Of India To ASEAN

- Madhu Sethi Appointed As The Next Ambassador Of India To The Republic Of Cuba

- Tsewang Namgyal As The Next Ambassador Of India To The Republic of Lithuania

- ⭐️ Iceland Topped In Global Peace Index 2018

- ‘Queen’ Pineapple Variety Declared Tripura’s State Fruit

- Veteran Film Actor Anupam Kher To Be Given Lifetime Achievement Honour At IlFA

- Virat Kohli Set To Receive Polly Umrigar Award ( 2016-17 -- 2017-18 )

- Mithali Raj Becomes First Indian To Score 2000 T20I Runs

- Centre Constitutes Group To Suggest Changes In SEZ Policy

- ⭐️ Harmanpreet Kaur And Smriti Mandhana Will Receive The Awards For Best International Cricketer (women)

- ⭐️ Virat Kohli Has Been Named BCCI's Best International Cricketer (Men)

- Kamila Shamsie’s ‘ Home Fire ’ Wins Women’s Prize For Fiction

- ⭐️ Ravi Shankar Prasad Releases Bhagat Singh’s Jail Diary Book In New Delhi . 

- ⭐️ West Bengal Governor K N Tripathi To Hold Additional Charge Of Tripura

- Election Commission Launches Its Online RTI Portal

- India Records 22% Reduction In Maternal Mortality Ratio Since 2013

- IIT Bombay Displaces IIT Delhi As Best-Ranked Indian University

- FDI Inflows To India Fall By $4 Billion Last Year : UN Report

- Chandrabhaga Beach Becomes Asia’s 1st Beach To Get The Blue Flag Certification

- Corporation Bank Bags Best Expectation Management Award For 2017-18

- The 11th Edition Of Geo Intelligence Asia 2018 In New Delhi

- Dhiraj Ram Krishna Won The ‘ National Gopal Ratna ’ Award

- Minister Of State For Chemicals And Fertilizers Launches ‘Jan Aushadhi Suvidha '

- ⭐️ India’s Rank 137 In Global Peace Index

- CM Devendra Fadnavis Inaugurated Web Portal Named Continuous Medical Education (CME)

- Baba Kalyani Heads Group To Study SEZ Policy

- Bihar Govt Launches New Crop Insurance Scheme ‘ Bihar State Crop Assistance Scheme ’

- 31st Edition Of The India - Indonesia Coordinated Patrol Is Held In Belawan , Indonesia.

- Virat Kohli’s Statue Unveiled At Madame Tussauds, New Delhi

Thursday, June 07, 2018

 07 June 2018
- ⭐️ Repo Rate Increased By 25 Bps In Second Bi-Monthly Monetary Policy Statement (2018-19)

- ⭐️ Singapore Launches ‘ World Peace Medallion ’ To Mark Trump-Kim Summit

- World Bank Approves Rs-6000 Crore For Atal Bhujal Yojana

- IBSA Foreign Ministers’ Meeting Was Held In Pretoria , South Africa

- J&K To Host 1st Ever ‘ Global Investor Meet ’ On Hydro-Power In July

- Veteran Producer Pippa Harris Named BAFTA Chairman .

- Polythene To Be Completely Prohibited From 31st July In Uttarakhand

- Madhya Pradesh Announces Outstanding Power Bill Waiver Scheme

- Virat Kohli ( Rank 83rd ) Only Indian In World’s Highest Paid Athletes List

- ⭐️ Corporation Bank Has Bagged The ‘ Investor Relations Award 2018 '

- Calzy 3 Has Won The Apple Design Award 2018

- 4 Year Old Ayan Gogoi Gohain (Assam) Was Honoured With The ‘ Youngest Author Of India ’

- ⭐️ Maria Fernanda Espinosa Garces Was Elected The Next President Of The UN General Assembly

- ⭐️ Omar Razzaz Appointed New Prime Minister Of Jordan

- Floyd Mayweather Has Been Named The World's Highest-Paid Athlete

- Malaysia Appoints Ethnic Indian Tommy Thomas As New Attorney General

- Best Telegram Channel DailyGkZone

- ⭐️ Varanasi Airport 1st To Have National Highway Under Runway

- ⭐️ Bandhan Bank Appoints Former RBI Deputy Governor H R Khan As chairman

Tuesday, June 05, 2018


1. World Environment Day: 05th June 2018

i. World Environment Day is the United Nations' (UN) most important day for encouraging worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. Since it began in 1974, it has grown to become a global platform for public outreach that is widely celebrated in over 100 countries. World Environment Day is the "people's day" for doing something to take care of the Earth. World Environment Day occurs on the 5th of June every year.
ii. Each World Environment Day is organized around a theme that focuses attention on a particularly pressing environmental concern. The theme for the World Environment Day 2018, "Beat Plastic Pollution".

2. Govt Launches 'Krishi Kalyan Abhiyaan' To Help Farmers In Aspirational Districts To Raise Their Income

i. The government has announced the launch of 'Krishi Kalyan Abhiyaan' under which farmers in select villages will be given assistance and advice on ways to improve farming techniques and raise their income.
ii. The Agriculture Ministry in line with the Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of doubling farmers’ income by 2022 has launched the Krishi Kalyan Abhiyaan from 1st June to 31st July 2018.

Static/Current Takeaways Important for SBI PO/Clerk Exam 2018-

Radha Mohan Singh, Hon'ble Minister of Agriculture. The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), a branch of the Government of India.

3. Govt Announces Rs. 8,000-Crore Package For Sugarcane Farmers

i. The Union government has announced a package of more than Rs 8,000 crore aimed to provide relief to sugarcane farmers and to clear their dues. According to a government official, the package includes three elements. A buffer stock of 30 LMT (lakh metric tonnes) of sugar will be created with Rs 1,200 crore.
ii. This money will be directly transferred to accounts of sugarcane farmers. Rs 4,400 crore will be used to increase ethanol production to divert sugarcane away from sugar mills which are unable to dispose of their inventories. The government has also decided to ensure a minimum sale price of Rs 29/kg for sugar.

4. MK Jain Appointed RBI Deputy Governor

i. The Centre has appointed MK Jain, Managing Director, and CEO of IDBI Bank, as the RBI’s Deputy Governor. Jain will fill a position that had been lying vacant since August 2017 after the retirement of SS Mundra.
ii. With the appointment of Jain, the Centre has stuck to the tradition of having a commercial banker occupy this post of RBI Deputy Governor (reserved for bankers). The central bank now has four serving RBI Deputy Governors. Jain has been appointed for a term of three years.

Static/Current Takeaways Important for SBI PO/Clerk Exam 2018-

Urjit Patel is Present Governor of RBI.RBI's Deputy Governor- NS Vishwanathan, Viral V Acharya, BP Kanungo and newly appointed MK Jain.

5. French Swimmer Begins Record Pacific Crossing Attempt

i. A French swimmer has set off from Japan aiming to become the first person to swim across the Pacific Ocean.
ii. Ben Lecomte will swim for eight hours a day for more than six months as he heads towards the US west coast. He is hoping to raise awareness for climate change. A team of scientists will conduct research during the almost 8,850-kilometre swim.
05 June 2018
- ⭐️ Priyanka Das Ambassador Of Promote Science ’ Initiative In France

- Income Tax Department Launches New Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme

- IISc Bangalore { Rank 91 } Back In World Top 100 University List

- ⭐️ MK Jain Has Appointed As The Deputy Governor Of The RBI

- Vijay Mahajan Is New CEO For Rajiv Gandhi Foundation

- ⭐️ Employees In Mumbai Work Longest Hours In The World : UBS Study

- G7 Finance Chiefs And Annual Meeting At Whistler In Canada.  

- 3 June : World Bicycle Day

- 49th Conference Of Governors Begins In New Delhi

- India Successfully Test-Fires ' Agni-5 ' Off Odisha Coast, Join Telegram Channel DailyGkZone

- 1st Cargo Of Russian LNG Arrives At Dahej In Gujarat

- Asia's 1st 13 ' Blue Flag ' Beaches To Be Developed In India

- NTPC Adopts Charminar Under Swachh Iconic Places Project

- Financial Literacy Week Begins : 4 June - 10 June

- Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa On 4-Day Visit To Brazil

- India's Sanjana Ramesh Wins MVP Award At Basketball Without Borders Asia

- Kagiso Rabada Wins South Africa's Cricketer Of The Year Award

- ⭐️ Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra Gets Additional Charge Of DRDO Chairman

- OUP To Host 2nd South Asia Conclave On July 4

1 May
 International Labour Day Uniting Workers for Social and Economic Advancement

1 May 2018
(1st Tuesday of May) World Asthma Day
  Never Too Early, Never Too Late. It’s Always The Right Time to Address Airways Disease

3 May
World Press Freedom Day
 Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice and The Rule of Law

8 May World Red Cross Day
 Memorable Smiles From Around the World

11 May
 National Technology Day

12 May  International Nurses Day Nurses:
A Voice to Lead – Health is a Human Right

12 May 2018
(2nd Saturday of May) World Migratory Bird Day
Unifying our Voices for Bird Conservation

12 May 2018
(2nd Saturday of May) World Fair Trade Day
Live Fair, One Product at a Time

13 May 2017
(2nd Sunday of May) International Mothers’ Day

15 May
International Day of Families Families and Inclusive Societies

17 May
World Hypertension Day
 Know Your Numbers

17 May
World Telecommunication and Information Society Day
 Enabling the Positive Use of Artificial Intelligence for All

18 May
International Museum Day
 Hyperconnected Museums: New approaches, New Publics

18 May
World AIDS Vaccine Day
20 May
World Metrology Day
 Constant Evolution of the International System of Units (SI)

21 May
Anti-Terrorism Day

22 May
 International Day for Biological diversity
Celebrating 25 Years of Action for Biodiversity

23 May
World Turtle Day

25 May
International Missing Children’s Day

25 May
World Thyroid Day
Environment and the Thyroid

28 May
 International Day of Action for Women’s Health

29 May
International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers
 70 Years of Service and Sacrifice

31 May
World No-Tobacco Day
Tobacco and Heart Disease

Monday, June 04, 2018

June 04 2018

1. Syrian President to become 1st international leader to meet Kim in N Korea

2. Heli-taxis launched to cut Shimla-Chandigarh travel time to 20 min

3. IDBI Bank CEO Mahesh Jain appointed RBI Deputy Governor

4. SpaceX launches communications satellite on Falcon 9 rocket

5. Govt may merge 4 banks to create India’s second-largest bank

6. India gets first automated vehicle scrapping and recycling facility

7. Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra Gets Additional Charge Of DRDO Chairman

8. India Successfully Test-Fires SFDR Propulsion Based Missile

9. India Ranked 113th On Childhood Index

10. 14th century Maori village discovered in New Zealand

11. India receives first shipment of cheapest LNG from Gazprom Russia

12. 29th Anniversary of Tiananmen Massacre Observed

13. Taj Declaration to Beat Plastic Pollution adopted in Agra

14. Financial Literacy Week starts with theme ‘Customer Protection’

15. June 4 – International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression

16. HDFC Bank recognized for best practices in payment security
● 3 June : World Bicycle Day

● 49th Conference Of Governors Begins In New Delhi

● India Successfully Test-Fires ' Agni-5 ' Off Odisha Coast

● 1st Cargo Of Russian LNG Arrives At Dahej In Gujarat

● Asia's 1st 13 ' Blue Flag ' Beaches To Be Developed In India

● NTPC Adopts Charminar Under Swachh Iconic Places Project

● Financial Literacy Week Begins : 4 June - 10 June

● Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa On 4-Day Visit To Brazil

● India's Sanjana Ramesh Wins MVP Award At Basketball Without Borders Asia

● Kagiso Rabada Wins South Africa's Cricketer Of The Year Award

● Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra Gets Additional Charge Of DRDO Chairman

● OUP To Host 2nd South Asia Conclave On July 4

● Priyanka Das Ambassador Of Promote Science ’ Initiative In France

● Income Tax Department Launches New Benami Transactions Informants Reward Scheme

● IISc Bangalore { Rank 91 } Back In World Top 100 University List

● MK Jain Has Appointed As The Deputy Governor Of The RBI

● Vijay Mahajan Is New CEO For Rajiv Gandhi Foundation

● Employees In Mumbai Work Longest Hours In The World : UBS Study

● G7 Finance Chiefs And Annual Meeting At Whistler In Canada.  


Financial Literacy Week starts with theme ‘Customer Protection’
▪️Reserve Bank of India is conducting Financial Literacy Week from June 4 on the theme ‘Customer Protection’. The week-long event is to focus on creating awareness among customers of banks.

▪️According to RBI, the event will emphasise on awareness about different financial products, services, digital applications and good financial practices.

✔️ About Financial Literacy Week

▪️RBI had introduced financial literacy week in 2016 to create a large scale awareness on key topics. Non-Governmental Organisations collaborate with banks and made this initiative successful in the past two years. Last year’s theme of the week was, ‘Know Your Customer’.

▪️The focus of this year is consumer protection messages like, Know your liability. The customers will be educated upon the safe digital banking practices.

▪️RBI underlines that, in cases of unauthorised electronic banking transactions when informed in 3 days, the liability of account holder is zero.

▪️RBI says that resolution of such transactions will be the responsibility of the concerned bank.

▪️The bank should resolve the issue as soon as possible within 90 days from the day of receipt of the complaint. Other focus point of financial Literacy week includes, creating awareness about Banking Ombudsman Scheme of RBI.

▪️Bankers, Financial Literacy Counsellors and other stake holders will be the major participants in the event.
04 June 2018
- ⭐️ Nepal , Scotland Among 4 Teams Inducted In ICC ODI Rankings

- Deccan Queen Completes 88 Years Of Service

- 2 Day Conference Of Governors And Lieutenant Governors (LGs) Will Be Held At New Delhi

- Indian Navy Launched ‘ Operation Nistar ’ To Evacuate 38 Stranded Indians Around Socotra Island

- Maharashtra Government Has Announced The Opening Up Of A ‘ sandbox ’ To Boost Start-Ups

- Kendrick Lamar Received The Pulitzer Prize For His 2017 Album ' DAMN '

- 3rd National Health Editors Conference On Yoga In New Delhi .

- India Successfully Test-Fires SFDR Propulsion Based Missile

- ⭐️ India Ranks 113th On Childhood Index

- China Successfully Launched A New Earth Observation Satellite ' The Gaofen-6 '

- EAM Sushma Swaraj Begins 5 Day Visit To South Africa

- ⭐️ Pedro Sanchez Sworn In As Spain's New PM

- Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi Sworn In As Egyptian President

- Japan Has The " most powerful Passport In The World " - Henley Passport Index

- ⭐️ Indian Passport Secured The 76th Rank In The Henley Passport Index

- National Orchid Garden In Singapore Was Named ' Dendrobium Narendra Modi '

- Andhra Pradesh Has Launched A Zero Based Natural Farming { ZBNF } Scheme
Seva Bhoj Yojna
- The Union Ministry of Culture on June 1, 2018 introduced a new scheme called ‘#SevaBhojYojna’ to reimburse the central share of CGST and IGST on items for food/prasad/langar/bhandara offered free of cost by charitable religious institutions.

✔️ About the Yojana:

- The scheme seeks to reimburse the central government’s share of Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) and Integrated Goods and Service Tax (IGST) on purchase of raw items such as ghee, edible oil, atta, maida, rava, flour, rice pulses, sugar and jaggery, which go into preparation of food/prasad/langar/bhandara offered free of cost by religious institutions.

- The main objective of the scheme is to lessen the financial burden of such charitable religious institutions, which provide free of cost without any discrimination to the general public and devotees.

- The charitable religious institutions including temples, gurudwara, mosque, church, dharmik ashram, dargah, monasteries, which fulfill the following criteria are eligible for the grant:

- The institutions that have been in existence for at least five years before applying for financial assistance/grant.
The institutions that serve free food to at least 5000 people in a month.

- The institutions covered under Section 10( 23BBA)  of the Income Tax Act  or those registered as Society  under Societies Registration Act ( XXI of 1860) or as a Public Trust under any law for the time being in force of statuary religious bodies constituted under any Act  or institutions registered under Section 12AA of Income Tax Act.
Gopabandhu Sambadika Swasthya Bima Yojana: Odisha’s Health Insurance Scheme for Journalists
▪️Gopabandhu Sambadika Swasthya Bima Yojana is a new Health Insurance Scheme for the journalists launched by the state government in Odisha. This scheme provides Rs. 2 Lakh per annum health insurance cover to all working journalists of the state.

✔️ Key Facts

▪️Gopabandhu Sambadika Swasthya Bima Yojana has come into effect from June 1, 2018 and will initially cover around 3200 journalists and their family members from various media groups.

▪️The insurance coverage will be applicable for cashless treatment in government and private hospitals.

▪️The scheme will also cover the injuries and illness faced by journalists while performing their duties.

✔️ Name of Scheme

▪️The scheme has been named after Gopalbandhu Das (1877-1928) a prominent social worker, reformer, political activist, journalist, poet and essayist of Odisha.

▪️His contribution to art, culture and society to Odisha earned him the epithet of Utkalmani (jewel of Odisha).

▪️His contribution to journalism in the state was short but remarkable. In the decade of 1910, he had launched a monthly literary magazine called Satyabadi through which he tried to educate the masses.
WHO adopts resolution on Digital Health proposed by India
▪️The 71st World Health Assembly held in Geneva, Switzerland has adopted resolution on Digital Health. The resolution was initiated by India and was co-sponsored by 20 countries.

▪️The World Health Assembly is highest decision-making body of World Health Organization (WHO). Its 71st session was attended by delegations from all WHO member states.

✔️ Features of Resolution on Digital Health

▪️It recognises huge potential of Digital health technology has for supporting Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and improving accessibility, quality and affordability of health services.

▪️It urges WHO member states to prioritise development and greater use of digital technologies in health sector as means for advancing global health agenda and Sustainable Development Goals, Best Telegram Channel DailyGkZone.

▪️It paves way for WHO to establish global strategy on digital health, identify priority areas and engage member  states to optimise their health systems in sync with global digital health agenda.

▪️It is first step towards mainstreaming digital interventions in health sector.

▪️It includes use modern advance technologies such as deep machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), internet of things (IoT, Best Telegram Channel DailyGkZone ) and other emerging disciplines like genomics.

▪️It also asks member states to identify priority areas in which they will be benefitted from WHO assistance in digital health services and applications, data security, ethical and legal issues.

✔️ World Health Organization (WHO)

▪️WHO is  specialized agency of United Nations that acts as coordinating authority on international public health.

▪️It was established on 7 April 1948, it succeeded the Health Organization, which was an agency of the League of Nations. It is a member of UN Development Group (UNDP).

▪️It is headquartered at Geneva. WHO flag features the Rod of Asclepius as a symbol for healing.
R K Agrawal appointed President of National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
▪️The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC) has appointed former Supreme Court Judge Justice R K Agrawal as President of National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC). He will succeed Justice D K Jain, who completed his term.

▪️Justice Agrawal was judge of Supreme Court from February 2014 to May 2018 and had served on bench of the apex court for four years.

✔️ National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC)

▪️NCDRC is quasi-judicial commission set up under Consumer Protection Act of 1986. It addresses grievances of aggrieved ( Join Telegram Channel DailyGkZone ) consumer for goods and services having value over Rs. 1 crore.

▪️It was established in 1988 and is headquartered in New Delhi. The commission is headed by sitting or retired judge of Supreme Court of India.

✔️ Statutory Provisions

▪️Section 21 of Consumer Protection Act, 1986 posits that NCDRC shall have jurisdiction to entertain complaint valued more than Rs. 1 crore and also have appellate and revisional jurisdiction from orders of state commissions or district fora as case may be. 

▪️Section 23 of Act provides that any person aggrieved by order of NCDRC, may appeal against such order to Supreme Court within period of 30 days.


 Gaj Yatra launched in Garo Hills of Meghalaya
▪️Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) rolled out ‘Gaj Yatra’, an awareness campaign to protect elephants from Tura in Garo Hills of Meghalaya.

▪️It was organised by the Wildlife Trust of India in collaboration with the State Forest Department.

▪️Under this campaign, an elephant mascot will be taken across districts frequented by jumbo herds for generating awareness among the people.

▪️It was launched to acknowledged good gesture of villagers from Garo Hills who had set aside part of their community-owned land to create village reserve forests for human-elephant harmony.

✔️ Gaj Yatra

▪️Gaj Yatra is 18-month-long national campaign aimed to protect elephants, India’s national heritage animal in 12 elephant range states. For Daily Updates Join Telegram Channel DailyGkZone

▪️It was launched in August 2017 by Environment and Forest Minister Harsh Vardhan on the occasion of World Elephant Day 2017 (observed on August 12).

▪️The campaign is being led by Wildlife Trust of India (WTI). It aims to involve people from all walks of life in conservation of elephants.

▪️Under this campaign, WTI is securing 101 elephant corridors across in 12 elephant range states through its Right to Passage project, in partnership with Union government’s Project Elephant, state forest departments and various NGOs.

▪️The aim this project is to rehabilitate people affected by man-elephant conflict in corridor areas while ensuring uninterrupted movement of elephants between key habitats.
3 June 2018 .

● India Successfully Test-Fires SFDR Propulsion Based Missile

● India Ranks 113th On Childhood Index

● China Successfully Launched A New Earth Observation Satellite ' The Gaofen-6 '

● EAM Sushma Swaraj Begins 5 Day Visit To South Africa

● Pedro Sanchez Sworn In As Spain's New PM

● Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi Sworn In As Egyptian President

● Japan Has The " most powerful Passport In The World " - Henley Passport Index

● Indian Passport Secured The 76th Rank In The Henley Passport Index

● National Orchid Garden In Singapore Was Named ' Dendrobium Narendra Modi '

● Andhra Pradesh Has Launched A Zero Based Natural Farming { ZBNF } Scheme

● Nepal , Scotland Among 4 Teams Inducted In ICC ODI Rankings

● Deccan Queen Completes 88 Years Of Service

● 2 Day Conference Of Governors And Lieutenant Governors (LGs) Will Be Held At New Delhi

● Indian Navy Launched ‘ Operation Nistar ’ To Evacuate 38 Stranded Indians Around Socotra Island

● Maharashtra Government Has Announced The Opening Up Of A ‘ sandbox ’ To Boost Start-Ups

● Kendrick Lamar Received The Pulitzer Prize For His 2017 Album ' DAMN '

● 3rd National Health Editors Conference On Yoga In New Delhi .
Names of Reports published by Organisation 👇
1. Global Financial System Report --     BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards)
2. Global Money Laundering Report-- FATF (Financial Action Task Force)
3. India State of Forest Report -- Forest Survey of India
4. Change the World List Data----- Fortune
5. Ease of Doing Business ---IBRD (World Bank)
6. World Development Report ---IBRD (World Bank)
7. Safety Reports ---ICAO(International Civil Aviation Organization)
8. Global Hunger Index report --- IFPRI(International Food PolicyResearch Institute)
9. World Employment and SocialOutlook--ILO (International Labour Organization)
10. World of Work Report ---ILO (International Labour Organization)
11. World Social Protection Report ----ILO (International Labour Organization)
12. Global Wage Report ---ILO (International Labour Organization)
13. World Economic Outlook ---IMF (International Monetary Fund)
14. Global Innovation Index Published ----INSEAD
15. OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report ----OPEC(Organization of the PetroleumExporting Countries )
16. World Oil Outlook ---OPEC(Organization of the PetroleumExporting Countries )
17. Global Corruption Report --- (GCR) Transparency International
18. Levels and Trends in ChildMortality Report
UN Inter-agency Group
19. World Investment Report ----UNCTAD (United Nations Conferenceon Trade and Development)
20. Global education monitoring Report---- UNESCO(United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization)
21. State of world population ----UNFPA(United Nations PopulationFund)
22. The State of the World’s Childrenreports---UNICEF  United Nations Children’s
Emergency Fund )
23. Reports on Counterfeiting and
Organized Crime---UNICRI(United Nations Interregional
Crime and Justice Research Institute)
24. Industrial Development Report ----UNIDO(United Nations IndustrialDevelopment Organization )
25. Global Report on Trafficking inPersons---UNODC (United Nations Office onDrugs and Crime)
26. World Drug Report ----UNODC(United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime)
27. World Intellectual Property Report(WIPR)--WIPO(World Intellectual PropertyOrganization)
Zebu Cattle

Zebu Cattle (also known as indicine cattle or humped cattle), is a species or subspecies of domestic cattle originating in Indian subcontinent. They are characterised by fatty hump on their shoulders, a large dewlap, and sometimes drooping ears. They are well adapted to withstanding high temperatures, and are farmed throughout tropical countries. They are used as dairy cattle, draught oxen and beef cattle.

Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

FATF is an inter-governmental body which monitors the progress of member countries in implementing necessary measures to check money laundering and terrorist financing.

White Tigers

In India, white tigers are predominantly found in Rewa, Madhya Pradesh. In 2016, world’s first White Tiger Safari was inaugurated at Mukundpur in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh.
The first white tiger in Madhya Pradesh’s was spotted in Vindhya region in 1915. However, the rare breed of the big cat spotted for the first time died in 1920. In 1951, a white tiger cub named Mohan was captured by Rewa Maharaja Martand Singh. Later the tiger cub became the progenitor of all known white tigers in the world after the Maharaja arranged for its breeding.
White tigers in India are nothing but a pigmentation variant of the Bengal tiger. They have been reported in the wild from time to time in the Indian states of Assam, West Bengal, Bihar. These tigers have white fur because of the lack of the pigment pheomelanin, which is found in Bengal tigers with orange colour fur.

Antibiotic resistance making gonorrhea difficult to treat

According to a new warning from the World Health Organization (WHO), antibiotic resistance is making gonorrhea difficult to treat. . Therefore, developing a vaccine is urgently needed to stop global spread of super-gonorrhoea.

About Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea disease (also called the clap) is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It spreads by unprotected sex. Its symptoms include a thick green or yellow discharge from sexual organs, pain when urinating and bleeding between periods in case of in women. In many cases, no symptoms are seen at all. Untreated gonorrhoeae infection can lead to infertility in both genders, pelvic inflammatory disease in women and can be passed on to a child during pregnancy. According to WHO, about 78 million people pick up the sexually transmitted infection each year due to Gonorrhoea.

South  Asia  Wildlife  Enforcement  Network  (SAWEN)  is  an  intergovernmental  wildlife  law  enforcement  support  body  of  South  Asian  countries  namely  -  Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India,  Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan  and Sri  Lanka.

SAWEN was officially  launched  in  January, 2011 in  Paro Bhutan.

  It  promotes  regional  cooperation  to  combat  wildlife  crime  in  South  Asia.  It  focuses  on  policy harmonization;  institutional  capacity  strengthening  through  knowledge  and  intelligence  sharing;  and collaboration  with  regional  and  international  partners  to  enhance  wildlife  law  enforcement  in  the  member countries. SAWEN  operates its activities  from  the Secretariat  based  in  Kathmandu, Nepal. 

RPA 1950 vs RPA 1951

Representation  of  the  People  Act  of  1950  provides  for  the  qualifications  of  voters,  preparation  of electoral  rolls,  delimitation  of  constituencies,  allocation  of  seats  in  the  Parliament  and  state legislatures  and so  on.

 Representation  of  the  People  Act  of  1951  provides  for  the  actual  conduct  of  elections  and  deals  with administrative  machinery  for  conducting  elections,  the  poll,  election  offences,  election  disputes,  byelections,  registration of  political  parties  and  so on.

Tobin Tax:

A means  of  taxing  spot  currency  conversions  that  was  originally  suggested  by  American  economist  James Tobin  (1918-2002).  The  Tobin  tax  was  developed with the  intention  of  penalizing  short-term  currency speculation,  and  to  place  a  tax  on  all  spot  conversions  of  currency.  Rather  than a consumption  tax  paid by  consumers,  the  Tobin  tax  was  meant  to  apply  to  financial  sector  participants  as  a  means  of  controlling the stability  of  a given country's currency.

  A Pigovian  tax  is  a  tax  on  a  good  or  service  that  causes  a  harm  to  society  that  is  not  paid  by  the  users  of that  good or  service. It  is designed to  pay  for  the  negative externalities of  the good.

  A Sin tax is a  tax  levied  against  any  undesired  activity. This  includes taxes  on alcohol  and cigarettes.

  A ghetto  tax  is  a  term  used  to  describe  how  people  with  low  incomes  pay  higher  prices  for  goods  and services, particularly  those  living  in poverty-stricken areas.

Sunday, June 03, 2018

 June 01 2018

1. India is the world’s largest producer of milk

2. ICC induct Nepal, Scotland, Netherlands, UAE in ODI rankings

3. PM Modi gives Padma Shri award to ex-Singaporean diplomat

4. PM Modi launches BHIM, RuPay and SBI apps in Singapore

5. Andhra to give ₹1,000 monthly allowance to unemployed youth

6. Govt approves construction of 1.5 lakh houses for urban poor

7. Indian-American teen wins US’ Scripps National Spelling Bee

8. US imposes steel, aluminium tariffs on EU, Canada and Mexico

9. Foundation laid for India’s first Advanced DNA Forensic Lab in Chandigarh

10. RIMPAC 2018: 26 countries including India to participate in biennial exercise in US

11. India, Japan, US: Malabar Exercise 2018 to be held off coast of Guam in Philippine Sea

12. Former Himachal Pradesh Governor Urmila Singh passes away

13. Yuvraj Singh Awarded ‘Most Inspiring Icon Of The Year For Social Welfare’

14. Infosys concludes acquisition of US based Wongdoody at $75 million

15. India, Singapore exchange eight key agreements

16. Be an informer to Income Tax dept; earn up to Rs 5 crore

17. IRCTC joined hands with delivery service partners TRAPIGO

18. North and South Korea hold high level talks at Panmunjom

19. Pedro Sanchez takes charge in Spain


May 31 2018

1. Kuwait proposes ‘international protection’ for Palestinians

2. Kim Yong-chol 1st N Korean official to visit US in 18 years

3. Singer Zubeen Garg to receive PETA award

4. Indian economy grew 7.7% in Q4

5. GOI and World Bank signs $500 Million Additional Financing for Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Rural Roads Project

6. Facebook partners with NCW to launch Digital Literacy Programme

7. Andhra Pradesh notifies new state symbols after bifurcation

8. Government launches India’s first ever guidelines for Adventure Tourism

9. Mission Raftar: Ministry of Railways organizes one day workshop to raise speed of trains

10. Lt Gen Ranbir Singh appointed Northern Army Commander

11. Defence Minister inaugurates IAF Commanders’ Conference

12. CRY receives USD 100,000 grant from Oracle


May 29 & 30 2018

1. Ramdev’s Patanjali launches new messaging app ‘Kimbho’

2. Upgraded indigenous Pinaka rocket test-fired successfully

3. Moody’s cuts India’s GDP growth forecast to 7.3% for 2018

4. Kerala becomes first state to cut tax on fuel, price down Rs 1/L

5. US warns India against purchasing missile system from Russia

6. UAE bans fruit imports from Kerala over Nipah virus outbreak

7. NIC launches 1st data centre in eastern India in Bhubaneswar

8. Rafale fighter jet maker Serge Dassault dies at 93 in Paris

9. Paraguay Got Its First Woman Interim President

10. Gujarat Government Launches Reuse Of Treated Waste Water Policy

11. Ministry Of Women And Child Development Signs MoU With Uttar Pradesh

12. R K Agrawal appointed as President of National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission

13. Gaj Yatra launched in Garo Hills of Meghalaya

14. Akshay Kumar Launches Twin Pit Toilet Technology Campaign

 16. Senior diplomat Pankaj Saran as Deputy National Security Advisor

17. WHO adopts resolution on Digital Health proposed by India

18. TRAI proposes use of blockchain technology to curb spam calls, texts

19. PRAAPTI App and Web portal launched to bring transparency in electricity payments to Generators

20. India, World Bank ink $21.7 million loan agreement for Rajasthan’s Public Financial Management Project

21. Indonesia, India Upgrade Ties With 15 Agreements
28 May - 2 June 2018.*

● India's 1st Advanced DNA Forensic Laboratory In Chandigarh

● Government Launches New Scheme ‘ Seva Bhoj Yojna '

● Giuseppe Conte Sworn In As Italian PM To New Populist Government

● Nirmala Sitharaman Inaugurated 1st IAF Commanders Conference In New Delhi

● Tata Motors Signs MoU With Maharashtra To Promote e-Mobility

● US Pacific Command Renamed As Indo-Pacific Command

● Indian Economy Grows 7.7% In 4th Quarter : Central Statistics Data

● Kendrick Lamar Receives Pulitzer Prize In Music

● Kailash Satyarthi And ISRO Chief Gets ' Santokbaa Humanitarian ' Award

● Patanjali Launches New Messaging App ' Kimbho '

● India And World Bank Signs $500 Million Additional Financing For PMGSY

● 3rd Meeting of India-UK Home Affairs’ Dialogue Held In New Delhi

● Kamaljit Bawa 1st Indian To Receive Linnean Medal

● Kerala Cartoonist Thomas Antony Wins International Award

● Yuvraj Singh Awarded ' Most Inspiring Icon Of The Year For Social Welfare '

● Power Minister Launches Web Portal And App Called ' PRAAPTI '

● Gujarat Government Launches ' Reuse Of Treated Waste Water Policy '

● Justice R.K. Agrawal Appointed NCDRC Chairman

● Virat Kohli Emerged As International Cricketer Of Year : CEAT Ratings

● NIC Launches India's 4th Data Centre In Bhubaneswar

● Main Event Of 4th International Yoga Day Celebrations To Be Held At Dehradun

● Cochin International Airport , World’s 1st Fully Solar Energy-Powered Airport : UNEP

● Sudha Balakrishnan Appointed 1st CFO Of RBI

● ' Sangeeta Bahl ' Oldest Indian. Woman To Scale Mount Everest

● Indian Singer Zubeen Garg To Receive PETA Award

● Gopabandhu Sambadika Swasthya Bima Yojana Is Odisha’s Health Insurance Scheme

● Pedro Sanchez Was Sworn As New PM Of Spain

● 3rd Annual Meeting Of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) Begins In Pune

● Andhra CM Launches 3rd Year Of Chandranna Bima Yojana

● India’s Ranks 113 Out Of 175 In Childhood Index

● Justice Nasirul Mulk Takes Oath As Caretaker Pakistan PM

● Lt. Gen Devraj Anbu Appointed  As Vice Chief Of Army Staff .

● Microsoft Becomes 3rd Most Valuable Firm Globally After Apple And Amazon

● HDFC Bank’s Aditya Puri Figures In Barron’s Top 30 Global CEO List

● Gaj Yatra Launched In Garo Hills Of Meghalaya

● Defence Secretary Sanjay Mitra Gets Additional Charge Of DRDO

● Alicia Pucheta First Woman Interim President Of Paraguay

● Himachal Govt Launches ‘ Prakriti Kheti Khushhaal Kissan Yojana ’ To Promote Organic Farming

● ‘ Polythene Hatao , Paryavaran Bachao Campaign ’ Launched By Himachal Pradesh CM

● 1st Edition Of Global Wind Summit In Hamburg , Germany

● India , US , Japan Start 22nd Malabar Exercise In Guam

● Ibrahima Kassory Fofana Sworn In As Prime Minister Of Guinea

● BCCI , UN Environment Sign Agreement To Promote 'Green’ Cricket In India

● PM Modi Gives Padma Shri Award To Former Singaporean Diplomat Tommy Koh

● IOC Most Profitable State Owned Company For 2nd Consecutive Year

● Andhra Pradesh’s State Official Bird – Rose Ringed Parakeet

● Justice Murari To Be Chief Justice Of Punjab & Haryana High Court

● EAM Sushma Swaraj Embarks On Five-Day Visit To South Africa.